Arthroscopic Surgery / Sports Medicine
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows your surgeon to look inside the affected joint using small incisions (portals) and instruments. Your surgeon makes several incisions near the affected joint. Through one of the incision, an arthroscope, having a small camera fixed to the end of a narrow fiber-optic tube is inserted. The camera magnifies and projects images of the joint on a large screen monitor which helps in diagnosing the condition. Through the other incisions surgical instruments are inserted to treat the problem of the joints. A sterile solution is injected to expand the joint that allows clear view of the joint and provides extra room for the procedure. After the surgery the stitches are closed and dressing is applied.
After the surgery, your surgeon will place a cast or a splint that immobilizes joint until it is healed completely. The operated joint should be elevated to prevent excessive swelling and pain. Ice (wrapped over a cloth) can be applied over the operated area which helps to reduce swelling and pain relieving medications will be prescribed to reduce pain. Always remember to keep the operated area clean and dry to prevent infection and pus formation.
Advantages of arthroscopy are smaller incisions, minimal soft tissue trauma, less pain, faster recovery time, low infection rate, less scarring, earlier mobilization, and allows patient to go home the same day.
Some of the risks observed after arthroscopy include infection, damage to the nearby nerves or tissues during surgery, and stiffness which can be treated through post-operative rehabilitation. Exercises are performed to strengthen the joint and rebuild your strength.
Hand, Wrist and Elbow Injuries
Some of the common sports injuries that may affect the hands and wrists include finger fracture, mallet finger, jammed finger, wrist sprains, Tendonitis of the wrist, and Colles wrist fracture. Tennis elbow and Golfer's elbow are the sports injuries involving the elbow joint.
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Severe pain in shoulders while playing your favourite sports such as tennis, basketball and gymnastics may be because of torn ligament in shoulder or shoulder dislocation. These may be caused by overuse of shoulder while playing sports. Simple pain or acute injuries may be treated with conservative treatment and chronic injuries may require surgical treatment.
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Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is major stabilizing ligament in the knee which may tear with over use of knee for playing sports. The ACL has poor ability to heal and may cause instability. Other common sports injuries in knee are cartilage damage and meniscal tear. Knee injuries of sports may require surgical intervention that can be performed using open surgical or minimally invasive technique.
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Fractures of the femur bone, labral tear and hip dislocation are some of the common sports injuries affecting the hip. Hip joint bears more weight and is more susceptible for injuries while playing sports. Hip injuries require immediate medical intervention to avoid further complications.
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Foot & Ankle Injuries
Foot and ankle injuries include the injuries in the leg below the knee and they are common while playing sports such as football, hockey, skating and in athletes. Treatment for foot and ankle sports injuries can be provided by general orthopaedic surgeons or foot and ankle specialists. The treatments provided can be in the form of orthotics, braces, physical therapy, injections or surgery. Common sports injuries include sprains and strains, ankle fractures, and Achilles Tendonitis.
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Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.